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Symptoms of gynaecological cancer (red flags)

Here are the symptoms and signs of the 5 gynaecological cancers. It is important to be aware of these symptoms. Please discuss them with your doctor who can arrange the appropriate investigations to rule out any worrying cause.

Ovarian cancer:

  • persistent bloating (intermittent bloating is very common)
  • persistent abdominal or pelvic pain
  • difficulty eating, feeling full quickly, persistent nausea
  • change in your bowels
  • needing to pass urine more frequently

Endometrial/uterine/womb cancer:

  • bleeding in between periods, after sex or after the menopause
  • heavier periods
  • abnormal vaginal discharge

Cervical cancer:

  • bleeding in between periods or after sex
  • pain during sex
  • abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal cancer:

  • bleeding in between periods, after sex or after the menopause
  • pain during sex
  • abnormal vaginal discharge
  • a vaginal lump
  • persistent vaginal itching

Vulval cancer:

  • vulval pain or soreness
  • persistent vulval itching
  • a vulval lump
  • thickened, raised patches which can be red, white or dark